Postgres is great, however one limitation is that you can only run one command at a time in the shell. Sometimes however when you are doing administrative functions over multiple tables, for example (re)creating indexes or vacuuming and you have a nice powerful box, you can run many of these commands in parallel for easy speedup. Here’s an easy way to run lots of commands in parallel.
Firstly, create a text file with one command per line. For example
vacuum full a; vacuum full b; vacuum full c; vacuum full d;
Then, ensure that you have your .pgpass file set up correctly so that you can just run
psql [database] [user] without being prompted for a password.
Finally, run the following command:
xargs -d "\n" -n 1 -P 20 psql database_name username -c < list_of_commands.txt
-P 20 specifies the number of jobs to run in parallel so change this to what your server can cope with.