Category Archives: Computers

Computer related articles

Automounting swap on local SSD’s on Amazon EC2

Many instances on EC2 (AWS) now have local SSD’s attached. The excellent ubuntu 14.04 image boots brilliantly on these and automatically formats and mounts any of the local SSD storage. However when the instance shuts down, reboots or gets migrated these SSD’s go away so you still need to use the persistent EBS storage for most operations.

If you want to enable swap on the box, add the following to /etc/rc.local – it will create a 2gb swap file each boot on the local SSD and mount it:

I’ve not yet figured out what the process is to format/mount these local disks on bootup it may well be easier to add this to them.

Facebook Graph API Page post changes

So about a month back it looks like facebook changed their graph API to prevent posting links to pages using the method we had always used which was simply a post to //feed with my access token with message and link parameters. Posting just a message was working fine still but when I tried to add a link in I was just getting access denied.

After spending an hour or two bashing my head against the wall I discovered that you had to first access a list of all your pages with your user access token, then from that you would figure out the page’s special access token, and only then could you post.

So the resulting (somewhat messy) perl code is like:

Extracting old weird format audio files

So, I had a friend who has a load of recordings from about 10 years ago which were done on a weird dictophone. The files had the extension .FC4 which according to the internet is a legacy Amiga audio format with no more support. Great.

First thing was to run file on it:

Great. Let’s see if we can do a better job looking at a hex dump (with xxd):

So, looks like at offset 0x100 (256) we have something that is a RIFF/WAV file, then the stuff that shows as U is probably a chunk-size block or somesuch. Given the blocks of data afterwards it could probably be 16-bit single channel at a guess. Perhaps something can read that if we cut the initial header off and re-save:

Ah-ha looks like file has a clue now. Let’s try to play it:

D’oh. Opening as a raw file in audacity shows pretty much white-noise (whereas you’d have expected it to be something vaguely like speach but with blips in every so often if it was any sort of valid PCM or wave type encoding).

After searching around for a long time I discovered this post which talked about a very similar looking header and especially WAV encoding 0x350. This linked to an mplayer plugin with an acm and inf file however the ubuntu version of mplayer doesn’t support w32codecs. I tried installing this in several different ways in a windows 7 vm but couldn’t get it to work.

I then tried compiling mplayer from source only to be greeted with:

D’oh. Rather than mess around with trying a 32-bit compile or hacking the assembly I remembered I had a 10-year old laptop lying around with a very old 32-bit install of gentoo. Power it up, install the codec files and it plays them!

I then try to extract some proper PCM WAV file from the FC4 file using mencoder. But mencoder doesn’t support audio-only. I also try using the -dumpstream option in mplayer but that just dumps the encoded audio. So finally I come across the -ao pcm option which puts out a nice plain wav file that I can encode into mp3 or any other format.

Extracting images from word documents and turning into PDF

So someone recently sent me a load of Word 2007 documents that had musical scores embedded as pictures. Nice and easy to convert these (losslessly) into PDF’s with one image per page using this img2pdf script

Migrating Drupal to new server breaks login

So I just cloned a drupal site onto a new server. It all worked fine but then I couldn’t log in. I found this post which said you need to perhaps change the $cookie_domain variable but that didn’t make any difference. Finally I found the root cause of the problem – mod_rewrite wasn’t active so even though the user/login page was displaying (it was status 404 which redirects through to index.php hence into drupal) it wasn’t accepting POST requests.

Job done.

Replacing glyphicons with font-awesome in bootstrap

So, I wanted to use the much wider range of icons available with Font Awesome compared to the glyphicons in bootstrap. As most of them are in this icon set and as I’m already compiling bootstrap straight from LESS, it didn’t seem worth it to keep the glyphicons in there. However because I’m using Angular Bootstrap they already had a number of glyphicon sections embedded in the templates that I didn’t want to have to remember to change whenever I updated.

Anyway, to replace them first you download the less for bootstrap and font awesome, then you open up bootstrap/less/bootstrap.less, comment out the

line and add the following import:

You then need to edit font-awesome/less/variables.less and change the @fa-css-prefix: to be glyphicon rather than fa. Recompile and just include the general output in your html, no need for fa to be included as well any more. Then you have a drop-in replacement with many more icons available. Anything you can do with font-awesome can also be done with bootstrap you just have to remember to use glyphicon* rather than fa* in any CSS. So far I’ve only noticed that glyphicon-log-out and glyphicon-floppy-disk classes need to be changed to their fa equivalents.

Running processing (and updating the commit) straight after a commit in git

In one project I have a set of templates that I want built into a single file for quicker download. Rather than having to run a command manually after a commit I’d rather this was done at commit-time and then added to the commit bundle. I spent a while figuring out how to do this but basically you need to create a file .git/hooks/post-commit (in every repository – it doesn’t get pushed/pulled) containing the following: